13 March 2020

Séminaire Navier : Benoit Coasne (CNRS, Université Grenoble Alpes)

Adsorption and transport of fluids in porous materials

Porous materials are at the heart of numerous important applications: adsorption (gas sensing, pollutants entrapment, drug delivery, chromatography), energy (porous materials are used for hydrogen storage, fuel cells and batteries), environment (phase separation, water treatment, nuclear waste storage), Earth science (the soil porosity ensures exchange between the soil and the atmosphere), etc. In this talk, I will present the state-of-the-art on adsorption, phase transition and transport in porous materials which can possess pore sizes spanning several orders of magnitude (from the nm scale to the macroscale) [1,2]. I will first discuss the different adsorption regimes encountered when a fluid is set in contact with a porous material: from irreversible adsorption/capillary condensation for the largest pores to reversible/continuous filling for the smallest pores. We will see that simple thermodynamic modeling allows rationalizing these different regimes provided that a description of the shift of the critical point of the confined fluid is taken into account. Then, I will show how transport in such media can be described without having to rely on macroscopic concepts such as hydrodynamics (which is known to breakdown at the nm scale) [3,4]. Using parameters and coefficients available to experiments, we will see how transport coefficients can be rigorously obtained from simple models in the framework of Statistical Mechanics.

[1] B. Coasne et al., Chem. Soc. Rev. 42, 4141 (2013).
[2] B. Coasne, New J. Chem. 40, 4078 (2016).
[3] K. Falk et al., Nature Comm. 6, 6949 (2015).
[4] A. Botan et al., Phys. Rev. E. 91, 032133 (2015).
[5] T. Lee et al., Nature Comm. 7, 11890 (2016).

(courtesy : B. Coasne)

Adsorption in cylindrical silica pores of different sizes. Most real porous materials exhibit a broad pore size distribution with pore voids ranging from the nm scale to the macroscopic scale. In this seminar, these different pore sizes will be considered as well as the case of hierarchical porous solids combining all these different scales.


13 March 2020, 11h0012h00
Ecole des Ponts ParisTech, salle B004